İn the United States, voters choose members of Congress every two years. But what is Congress? İmagine that the U.S. government is a chair with three legs. One leg is the executive – the president and all the people who carry out the country’s laws.
Another leg is the judiciary – Supreme Court justices and judges on other federal courts. They decide what the law means. And another leg is the legislature – the elected officials who make laws. Another word for the legislature is Congress.
What does Congress do?
The first article of the U.S. Constitution describes the powers Congress has. First, Congress makes federal laws. These are laws everyone in the country must follow. Historically, Congress has made laws related to Native Americans, slavery and many other issues. They include immigration, business, banking, health, education, voting, foreign relations, and the environment.
Congress has other important powers, too. It can raise money, spend money, and borrow money. It approves Supreme Court justices. It can impeach and remove a president from office. It also can declare war.
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