The article was published in Pakistan media—“ http://thefortress.com.pk/” site about Azerbaijani national leader Heydar Aliyev’s role in Azerbaijani people’s life:
“Every year millions of children are born, but very few of them make history, and then there are those who become exceptional leaders and create history. Heydar Aliyev, national leader of Azerbaijan is one such leader of the 20th century. He was born on May 10, 1923 in Nakhchivan, Azerbaijan.
Heydar Aliyev, who dedicated his life to prosperity and welfare of his nation, holds a special place in the history of Azerbaijan. Being a political figure, he emerged as national leader due to his vision and ability to handle difficult situations. As a national leader he did great work during Soviet period and also excelled as the president of an independent Azerbaijan.
Heydar Aliyev took the leadership role during a time when the geo-political situation was not favourable and the whole region was facing a difficult time. He gave a new ray of hope to his nation and laid the stone of a modern Azerbaijan with strong economic development.
Heydar Aliyev is always referred to as the founder of contemporary Azerbaijan due to his wisdom, understanding of local community and initiatives for economic development. Heydar Aliyev was a unique leader, who gained love and respect of millions of people through his bright and genuine works. He will remain in the hearts of people through his ideas and the works he accomplished for the future of Azerbaijan.
After graduating from the Nakhchivan Pedagogical School in 1939, he studied at the Architecture Department of the Azerbaijan Industry Institute, but due to war he couldn’t complete his education.
Aliyev headed a department at the People’s Commissariat of Internal Affairs of the Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic of Nakhchivan in 1941, and was sent to work at the state security bodies in 1944.
He became Deputy Chairman of the Committee of State Security under the Azerbaijan’s Cabinet of Ministers in 1964, and was conferred the rank of Lieutenant General. At that time, he studied in a special retraining school in Leningrad (present St. Petersburg), and then graduated from the History Department of the Azerbaijan State University.
Heydar Aliyev became the head of the republic after being elected to the Plenum of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Azerbaijan as the First Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Azerbaijan in July 1969.
Heydar Aliyev was elected a member of Political Bureau of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Soviet Union in December 1982, and, being appointed to the post of the First Deputy Chairman of the Cabinet of Ministers of the USSR, became one of the leaders of the USSR.
Heydar Aliyev was not satisfied with the policies of Political Bureau of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union and the Secretary General Mikhail Gorbachev. This ended in his resignation from his post as a protest in October 1987.
On 20 January 1990, Soviet troops massacred in Baku, where hundreds of people got injured and more than two hundred civilians lost their lives. Heydar Aliyev demanded punishment for the organizers and executors of the crime committed against Azerbaijani’s people. To protest against the hypocritical policy of the USSR leadership and the conflict that accrued in Nagorno-Karabakh, he left the Communist Party of the Soviet Union in July 1991.
Heydar Aliyev returned back to Azerbaijan, lived in Baku and then Nakhchivan, He was elected as the deputy to the Supreme Soviet of Azerbaijan in the same year. He held the post of Chairman of the Supreme Assembly of the Autonomous Republic of Nakhchivan and Deputy Chairman of the Supreme Soviet of the Republic of Azerbaijan in 1991-1993. In 1992, Heydar Aliyev was elected as the chairman at the constituent congress of the New Azerbaijan Party in Nakhchivan.
Azerbaijan came under huge governmental crisis in May-June 1993. The country was on the edge of a civil war and political clout. Heydar Aliyev was elected as the Chairman of Supreme Soviet of Azerbaijan on desire of people of Azerbaijan.
Heydar Aliyev came to power as the president of Azerbaijan on July 24, 1993, approved by the parliament – the Milli Mejlis. Heydar Aliyev was elected president of Azerbaijan in a nationwide vote on October 3, 1993, and was re-elected in 1998.
After coming into power President Aliyev brought radical reforms in every segment of society from education to economic development. Heydar Aliyev adopted multi-dimensional policy as state strategy, which brought prosperity and stability to the country. His balanced foreign policy constructed relations with powers like the U.S., EU and Turkey, as well as wise partnerships with actors like Russia and Iran.
Besides achieving a political stability in Azerbaijan, Heydar Aliyev laid the foundations for the economic independence of the country. He signed “Contract of the Century” with the Western oil companies in Baku on September 20, 1994.
Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan oil pipeline project was headed by Heydar Aliyev gained much attraction and brought huge western capital to Azerbaijan. This project created thousands of jobs and put a positive impact on development sector.
Services of this great Azerbaijani leader were admired on International level as he was awarded a number of state orders. He was also elected as honorable doctor of universities in many countries including the Lenin Order, four times, and the Order of Red Star; he also received rank of the Hero of the Socialistic Labor twice.
President Aliyev received “Yaroslav Mudry” Order, the supreme order of Ukraine, “Peace Premium of Ataturk” Order, the high order of Turkey, and also the Honourable Professor of Moscow State University.
President Heydar Aliyev was elected professor and full member of the Academy of Safety, Defence and Legal Norms Problems of the Russian Federation. He was awarded the premium of Andropov on April 3, 2003. On May 10, 2003, a decree was signed on awarding Heydar Aliyev the Order of Saint Apostle Andrey Pervozvanny, the supreme order of Russia.
Azerbaijani National leader Heydar Aliyev died on December 12, 2003, but the memory of the brilliant politician is still alive to this day.”
Writer is an Islamabad based Human Rights activist and Freelance Journalist. He tweets @zamanbajwaa.
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