On October 24, 1947, the valley of Kashmir announced its Independence in accordance with Indo-Pak Partition Plan which empowered the people of Jammu and Kashmir Valley (Kashmir) to decide their fate for joining either of newly independent states (India and Pakistan).
Since ruling Maharaja of Kashmir was a Hindu, he acceded to India and an illegal and controversial document, the Instrument of Accession was signed on October 26, 1947 between Indian government and Hindu Maharaja of Kashmir.
On October 27, 1947, the Government of India sent forces to snub Kashmiris and occupied a large part of Jammu and Kashmir but failed to occupy whole Kashmir Valley as Kashmiri Muslims strongly fought with Indian forces.
It was blatant violation of the essence of partition plan of the Subcontinent and against the aspirations of Kashmiri people.
Situation became volatile when India and Pakistan went for war and India went to United Nations, asking UNSC to play its role to stop war and demanded a ceasefire and Indian Prime Minister Jawahar Lal Nehru solemnly declared in United Nations that the final status of Jammu and Kashmir would be decided by the people of the State through Plebiscite. Since then, Kashmir issue is unresolved although over 15 UNSC resolutions were adopted by UN Security Council for Plebiscite Kashmir.
Kashmiri people across the globe rebuffed the illegal Instrument of Accession, and announced to observe October 27 as Black Day every year.
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